A guided tour of the Eastern White Mountains in New Hampshire

1. Appalachian Mountains:

Roughly 2,000 miles from Newfoundland, Canada, to Alabama in the United States, the Appalachian Mountains – or the eastern counterpart to the Rocky in the west – form a natural barrier between the North American coastal plain and inland lowlands. It is divided into three physiographic regions in the north, center and south, and includes several ranges.

Consisting of metamorphic rocks formed by catastrophic eruptions, intense heat and fracture pressure during the pre-Cambrian period, which ranged from 1.1 billion to 540 million years ago, Appalachians formed some of the planet's oldest mountains. It escalates during the crustal eruptions at the end of the Paleozoic era (about 250 million years ago), and was formed when internal structures deteriorated with unimaginable proportions strains on subterranean rocks, which were crystallized and then folded, engaged and cracked, before being addressed by lifting in some Sometimes to the parallel hills. Secondary forms and chisel, produced by water, ice and weather over thousands of years, produced valleys and valleys, at a time when most animal species still existed.

When the Earth's forces retreated, it left the highest peak, reaching 6,684 feet, in North Carolina today in the form of Mount Mitchell.

2. White Mountains:

New Hampshire was barely neglected when it came to excel in height. Indeed, its part of the Appalachian mountain range, the White Mountains, has overwhelmed the sky with 48 peaks considered "four thousand footers", at least 5,000 feet high, and the crown of its kingdom, Mount Washington, which is 6228 feet high, the longest peak In the whole northeast.

Glaciation formed deep mountain passes that early settlers called "cracks" because they resembled the shapes they made in wood with axes, while cirques produced valleys, such as Mount Washington Tacerman and Mount Adam. King valleys.

Man also had one hand and sometimes harmful in forming the New Hampshire section of the Appalachians. Planned in their arboreal style due to logging fears that bought most of the land and then reduced it to small plots using 1832 saws for the pre-transport area by rail, they left them naked until the Weeks Act was signed and allowed in 1914 to buy back the original 7,000 acres.

Subsequent purchases, in addition to the prohibition of entry in designated land areas, ensured the creation of 800,000 acres of the White Mountain National Forest, which today bears the slogan "Land of many uses".

One of the hallmarks of the state is its presidential sphere, whose name, as its name suggests, is named for presidents and other prominent Americans.

Abundant wildlife ranges from deer, mouse, black bears, bobcat, gray foxes, gambling, beaver, copperfish, raccoon and 184 species of birds, including burgers.

Although his protected state restricts his use, this restriction does not apply to his enjoyment, as his chances are plentiful and vary depending on the season.

The abundant snowfall natural dimension in postcards and rudimentary sports balls during the winter, for example, attract tourists, tourists, athletes and enthusiasts, as mountains lend their sides and summits to global resorts that facilitate a range of activities, including skiing on the Alps and across the country , Snowboarding, snow tubes, snowboarding, snowboarding, snowboarding, snowboarding, ice fishing, canine skiing, and even a freezing waterfall climbing.

The area, inflamed by color, becomes an endless painting of impressionist paintings in the fall, becoming a magnet for photographers, peepers and nature experts. The peek of the colors depends on the time, height and tree type. Red maple, for example, peaks at low altitudes in mid-September, while beech, maple, sugar and shrubs reach this level a month after less than 2,000 feet. This peak occurs early, at the beginning of October, between 2000 and 3,500 feet, and yellow birch, mountain maple and mountain ash glow with a color intensity in mid-September between 3,500 and 5,500 feet.

However, the peaks of the region reach their highest levels during the summer tourism season when its 20 scenes provide natural scenery, links to the railway past, family amusement parks and outdoor activities.

3. Orientation:

The White Mountains of New Hampshire, located in the northern part of the state, are easily accessible, with Route 16, Highway 93 and Route 3 providing travel from north to south, roads 2, 302 and 112, cutting the area east-west.

4. White Mountain Scenes:

a. On Route 2:

Open from May to December, Santa Village, located in Jefferson, New Hampshire, is a Christmas-themed garden that allows children to visit the bearded man in a red suit in July, feed reindeer, and enjoy 19 different people riding and activities, including cars Antique, barley log archives, flying sleigh, Jingle Bells Express train, roller coaster, water park. Live 3D shows are offered at the Polar Theater, and Burgermeister Food Court offers a range of items for lunch, including the opportunity to decorate gingerbread cookies.

Single-day and seasonal permits allow unlimited use of rides, shows and attractions in the park.

Six Gun City and Fort Splash is another family-oriented entertainment city in Jefferson accessible through Route 2, but with a Western focus. Open between May and September, it enables its visitors to “ride, slide and play all day” on tourist attractions including go-karts, lasers, water slides, bumper boats, sawmill rides, mechanical theater trainers, and gold rush runaway train boats.

Children can earn a deputy badge from the corporal or move to the other side of the law and get pictures adorning the required stickers.

The Transportation Museum displays more than a hundred antique carriages and sleds, including the oldest Concorde.

Children can double (soft drinks) at Six Gun Saloon or have lunch at the Grub House restaurant in Grabby. Cowboy clothes and gifts can be purchased at Trading Post and the general store.

Featuring a private pool, Fort Jefferson Campground offers 100 locations, from tents to full connections.

B. On Route 302:

Challenging humanity to overcome its climax, the peak of 6,228 feet, and counting Darby Field as the first to do so successfully when he climbed to the summit in 1652 with the help of two Indian guides, Mount Washington did not stop attracting people to repeat its success. However, the current tourist can do more easily, faster and more conveniently using the Mount Washington Cog Railway.

When Sylvester Marsh, a native of Compton, New Hampshire and a Chicago meat businessman, followed in the footsteps of Field 200 years later and became stuck in the mountain because of a life-threatening snowstorm, he pledged to employ a method that would eliminate the inherent risks of climb and make it accessible to anyone. .

He got a charter for a mountaineering railway line, his concept was initially laughed by a New Hampshire legislature, and was accompanied by the currently famous words that "maybe he builds a railway to the moon", invented technology that included a small, geared, serrated wheel under the locomotive intertwined with stairs Installed between a small track and allows the engine to pull itself up 37.41 percent.

It succeeded in reaching its noble goal and rise in 1869, and has been operating ever since. It is a national historical landmark, the second largest rail system in the world and the oldest still in operation.

Mount Washington Cog Railroad, accessible via the six-mile primary road next to Fabyan Station from Route 302, can be reached for a three-hour round trip from its Marshfield station to the summit by steam and biodiesel locomotives between May and October and trips Halfway for one hour in November and December. All trains consist of a propulsion engine and a single passenger trainer.

Apart from featuring a ticket office. A self-catering restaurant called Catalano in Cog; and the gift shop, the station itself offers a glimpse of early rail technology through the Cog Museum and outdoor performances, which include the first mountaineering locomotive.

Views from the rocky, wind-blown Monscape include mountain peaks in the northern presidential run, and passengers can visit the Sherman Adams summit building. Mount Washington Observatory The Tip-Top House, National Historic Landmarks; and the Summit Office, where the world's highest wind speed of 231 mph was recorded.

A short distance from Mount Washington Cog Railroad on Route 302 in Bretton Woods, another well-known attraction is Mount Washington Resort.

This large white-faced red-roofed mansion, one of the region's major hotels, is built between green forests and permanently under the mountain itself, and was built between 1900 and 1902. A native of New Hampshire, who had accumulated his fortune in the coal mining industry And with the Pennsylvania Railroad, in the Spanish Renaissance style.

He built 250 Italian craftsmen, who applied fine detail to woodwork and construction, and included a rare steel frame, innovative heating, electric power systems, plumbing and private telephone systems, as well as the post office that still exists, turning the forest into luxury in the form of the finest hotels. Great.

Works at 350, opened its doors on July 28, 1902, to meet wealthy guests from the Northeast and celebrities and notable personalities, including Thomas Edison, Pep Roth, Joan Crawford, Princess Margaret, and three US presidents, who were all reaching the area up To 50 trains a day that served three local stations.

In 1944, it hosted the Bretton Woods International Monetary Conference, at which delegates from 44 countries set up the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, set the gold standard at $ 35.00, and set the US dollar as the backbone of international exchange.

In 1978, the hotel was added to the National Register of Historic Places, and nine years later he was appointed as a National Historic Landmark by the Ministry of Interior.

Echoing its century-old elegance, it has a 900-foot-floor veranda and the "Great Hall" lobby, which features high ceilings and rock heaters.

Other noisy echoes revolve around afternoon tea in her Princess Room, five-star meals in the dining room, snacks at Stickney Restaurant, cocktails at Rosebrook Bar, Verandah, Cave operator – elevator, trolley tours Taken by earth hoses, surrounded by the peaks of White Mountain and Crawford Notch.

A 25,000-square-foot spa with 13 treatment rooms and two comfortable golf courses, including the nine-hole Mount Pleasant Course, which opened in 1895, and the 18-hole Mount Washington Stadium, which was redesigned to 1915 Donald Ross.

Owned by Omni, Bretton Arms Inn is a bed and breakfast.

Across route 302 from the Fabyan restaurant, Bretton Woods Ski Resort is located in Mount Rosebrook. It features 433 acres of skiing and snowboarding, 101 alpine tracks, 100 kilometers of north trails, four terrain parks, night skiing, an umbrella tour with ten earthquake lines, two sky bridges and three Rabel stations.

Other than snowboarding, winter activities include snowboarding, sledding, ice tubing, ice skating, ice skating and ice climbing, while summer sports include hiking, cycling, swimming, flying fishing, tennis and cycling.

Dining options include the Lucy Crawford dining restaurant, the Slopeside Inn at the Main Inn and the Quad O # 39 at the top.

To the east on Route 302, Crawford Notch State Park.

It was discovered in 1771 when Timothy Nash, a Lancaster fisherman, discovered a gap while tracing Moss on Mount Cherry, and Governor John Wentworth promised its territory if he could ride a horse and build a road through it – he finally achieved it, despite important topographical obstacles.

The area itself was named after the Crawford family, its first settlers. Establishing a hostel for travelers and faking the first road above Mount Washington, they conducted climbing campaigns.

New Hampshire thwarted most of the local land in 1913, after frustrating the region's excessive deforestation, calling it a public park. Its area of ​​5775 acres now includes mountain peaks that border the Saco River valley.

Apart from picnics, fishing and hiking, it offers two short paths for easy walking: the half-mile Pond Loop Trail leads to views of the pond itself, while the one-mile Sam Willey Trail follows the Saco River. Stretches and separate paths lead to the fall of Ripley and Arethosa.

Attitash Mountain Resort, 2350 feet high, is east but still on Route 302. Apart from standard winter sports shows, it opened its doors to summer activities in 1976 with a slide more than one mile long, accessible from Germany. Which feature rolling slopes and S. flips.

Gradually added attractions now include two-person cars on the rail that fly at an altitude of 2280 feet and not Easter Mountain Coaster, with 360 ° rings; a trampoline climbing wall; water slides; mountain bike rides; and 1700 feet Scenic chairlift ride.

Tickets for adults and children per day, noon and single ride allow visitors to improve their experience.

At the foot of the 2050-foot Bear Peak, Attitash Grand Summit Hotel and Crawford Restaurant are located, while Attitash Mountain Village is across Route 302.

Jim on Route 16:

Although the Cog railway allows the west side to reach the top of the mountain, Mount Washington Auto Road offers an alternative, self-driving side.

It traces its origins to the originally designated Mount Washington Carriage Road, which was the country's first man-made tourist attraction when it opened on August 8, 1861, and allows motorists to "walk on the highway", where it advertises itself by Access to the same from Route 16 in Binghamham Notch.

Located at its base, Great Glen Lodge features a restaurant and the adjacent Douglas A. Philbrook Red Barn Museum, the last horse and hay barn that was an integral part of the Carriage Road launch. It features a range of restored vehicles, buggies and buggies. And cars that once followed the summit of the summit.

The basic fees for entering Auto Road include the car, its driver, a cassette tour or CD, and the famous fame, "This car has climbed to Mount Washington:" The bumper sticker, the vehicles are climbing from 1,543 to 6228 feet, with a height increase between 594 and 880 feet. Per mile, while crossing the 7.6 mile road. They have access to the same views of the summit and historic buildings as their railroad counterparts.

A short walk from Auto Road on Route 16, Wildcat Mountain is itself a sister attraction of Attitash. Its 49 tracks, reached by New England's strongest four-wheel lifts, include the 2.75-mile-long Polcat Trail for beginners, the 2112-foot Lynx Trail for the broker, and the Wildcat Trail for experts.

Summer activities include Wildcat Mountain Express Skyride. Climbing to the top of the 4,062-foot Wildcat Mountain during their 15-minute journey, the four-person gondola travels at first, and ultimately, the vast waves of green tsunami that include the White Mountains, Tuckerman Ravine, Lion Head and Raymond Blackout. The eye lens, Mount Washington, and Huntington Raven amidst distant spots, but that are still visible, sugar dust and peak dripping spots, even in the summer.

Because of an erection-based evergreen brush, which resembles forest rangers, who guard the forests, as they approach from the top, they open their doors and emit from pine bushes, as if the passenger was deposited in his local nursery on the occasion of the annual Christmas tree spree. Thin and fresh air is 10 degrees cooler than at the base.

One sign reads immediately: "You are standing on part of the Appalachian Corridor," which Congress designated as "a national tourist route in 1968". Extending over 2140 miles from Springer Mountain in Georgia to Kattahin, Maine, it crosses 14 states, eight national forests, six national park areas and many state lands.

The short path to the edge of the summit offers views of the eastern slope of the White Mountain National Forest and Kearsarge North, South Doublehead and Black Mountain silhouettes directly. To the east, in the foreground, is the Wild River Valley, while a series of small round mountains formed during the last glacial period appear outside this region, along the New Hampshire-Maine State Line. Clear days enable the Atlantic Ocean, 90 miles away, to be a glimpse.

The Appalachian Corridor crosses the presidential term, Mount Washington, and the Great Wilderness of the West. The Mahosuk chain and the cities of Berlin and Gorham are in the north, and Jackson, Bartlett, and arches in the south.

The four-person Wildcat Mountain Zip Rider, which is suspended from a 70-foot cable above the ground, is 2,100 feet high on trails, tree trees and the Peabody River at a rate of 12 percent and at speeds of up to 45 miles per hour, an experience he describes as a “cable ride”. High-speed with a sudden drop. "

Hiking on the Wildcat Trail offers views, across a branch opposite Thompson Falls. Fishing on the Peabody River can be enjoyed.

Packages include features such as gondola rides, lunch at the Mountainside Café, golf disc, and accommodation at Attitash Grand Summit Hotel.

To the south on Route 16 is the Appalachian Mountain Club. Founded in Boston by Edward Pickering and 33 outdoor enthusiasts with the specific purpose of "promoting (protecting), enjoying and understanding the mountains, forests, water and paths of the Appalachian region," the hiking trail at Tuckerman Raven in 1879 and currently retains over 1,500 miles Of them, along with the cottages and lodges, within a 12-chapter system runs from Maine to Washington, DC, with 450 seasonal and full-time employees and 16,000 volunteers, with 100,000 members.

Located at the base of Mount Washington on the east side, the New Hampshire chapter has been a center for hiking, climbing, skiing and snowboarding since the 1920s. Today, it retains Joe Dodge Lodge, a cafeteria, a gift shop and eight mountain huts. .

The Pnkham Notch Visitor Center is located here.

Story Land, another family-run theme park "where fairy tales set off", is located south, a quarter of a mile from the intersection of Route 16 and 302 in Glen.

Children offer a buffet of activities and activities, including antique cars, Cinderella's pumpkin carriage, chewing car trains, Dr. Geysir, Rafs Ride Ride, Polar Coaster, Bamboo Chutes, Whirling Whale Ride, Crab Crawl, Oceans of Fun, Turtle Twist, Splash Battle, Cinderella & Castle.

His entertainment, as evidenced by his colorful titles, is equally geared towards young people: Duke's dance party, Funsation celebration, short storytelling, Fairy Tale Fiasco, Royal Hanneford Circus, and Farm Follies Show.

يمكن شراء المشروبات والوجبات الخفيفة والوجبات في أماكن متعددة ، بما في ذلك Food Fair و Pixie Kitchen و Sunny Day Farmstand.

تعتبر بلدة نورث كونواي ، الواقعة جنوبًا على الطريق 16 (المعروف أيضًا باسم طريق الجبل الأبيض السريع) ، أهم قاعدة سياحية في المنطقة.

قام بتأجيره العقيد حاكم بنينغ وينتورث في عام 1765 ، ويعود الفضل في صعوده إلى الجغرافيا والطبوغرافيا والوصول إلى وسائل النقل. سميت على اسم هنري سيمور كونواي ، وهو مسؤول برلماني لمدة 20 عامًا منتخبًا ، وقد اتخذ هذا الاسم حرفيًا في شكل مزارع منتشرة ، مثل العديد من قرى نيو إنجلاند الأخرى ، بعد الثورة الأمريكية.

مرتبط بالعالم الخارجي في عام 1872 عندما وضعت خطوط بورتسموث وجريت فولز وكونواي رايلواي مساراتها ، واستضافت عددًا متزايدًا من السياح الذين انجذبت إلى المنطقة للرياضات الشتوية ومناظر الجبال ، والتي تم التقاطها بشكل متكرر باللون الأبيض لوحات الفن الجبلية.

لذا ، عرف عن نفسه بالأنشطة التي عززها طبوغرافيا ، وأصبح يُعرف باسم "مهد التزلج" في عام 1832 ، وأودع السكك الحديدية ما يصل إلى 5000 راكب في المدينة في عطلات نهاية الأسبوع عن طريق "قطارات الثلج".

واليوم ، على الرغم من حجمها الصغير ، فإنها تقدم عددًا من الخدمات والمرافق المرتبطة عادةً ببلدة تضاعف حجمها. تختلف أماكن الإقامة ، على سبيل المثال ، من النُزل التاريخية (مثل Stonehurst Manor and Inn ، و 1785 Inn ، و Eastern Slope Inn) إلى سلاسل مألوفة (مثل Holiday Inn Express و Marriott Inn Residence). تدير المطاعم المناورة من الوجبات السريعة إلى مطعم Bavarian Chocolate Haus ومطعم إيطالي أصلي وغرف لتناول الطعام في النزل التاريخية نفسها. المحلات التجارية متعددة الأوجه – من متاجر الهدايا المتنوعة إلى متاجر الكتب ، المستوطنين & # 39؛ قرية جرين أوتليت ، ومركز نورث كونواي التجاري. تشمل عروض المدينة الأخرى معارض فنية ومركزًا اجتماعيًا مع عروض حية ومركز Weather Discovery ومتحف سكة حديد نموذجي ومحطة سكة حديد تاريخية.

من هذه المحطة ، يمكن للزائرين العودة للركوب خلف المنطقة الحديدية الغنية.

كانت محطة سكة حديد North Conway ذات المناظر الطبيعية الخلابة ، التي كانت في السابق رابط مواصلات إلى بقية البلاد وحالياً واحدة معمارية إلى الماضي ، هي نواة المدينة ومركز المواطنين حياة ، الوصول إليها محليا بواسطة عربات تجرها الخيول والعربات. تم تشييده في عام 1874 لبورتسموث و Great Falls و Conway وصممه Nathaniel J. Bradlee ، وهو مهندس معماري في بوسطن يتمتع بسمعة سيئة للغاية ، وكان الغرض منه خدمة مجتمع المنتجعات المتنامي.

يضم المستودع المهيب ذو البرجين ، الذي يمثل عظمته عظمة المحطات المعتادة آنذاك ، ساعة E. Howard عمرها 136 عامًا ومثبتة بالعلب والنحاس والحديد ، والتي تبدو جاهلة بتعليق نظام التعليق وتستمر في الاجتياح يديه 360 درجة ، 365 يوما من السنة.

يعكس تصميمها الداخلي ، المحاط على جانبي السلالم الخشبية المتعرجة للوصول إلى الأبراج ، العصر الذهبي مع مكتب التذاكر والتلغراف الأصلي ، مكتمل بالأدوات القديمة ومنطقة انتظار / متحف لركاب الركاب (كانت في السابق غرفة انتظار النساء) ) ، ومتجر Brass Whistle Gift Shop (غرفة انتظار الرجال السابقة) ، ومنطقة تخزين (ثم غرفة الأمتعة). إنه دليل على ماضي السكك الحديدية في المدينة وهو أحد البلدات القليلة المتبقية والمستودعات الأصلية.

يصل القرص الدوار الذي يبلغ طوله 85 قدمًا والمُحرك بالهواء المضغوط ، إلى تمكين القاطرة إما لمحاذاة الجنزير أو التوجيه المتبادل بزاوية 180 درجة ، من الوصول إلى المائدة المستديرة الأربعة التي تسهل حفرها الفرعية المسار الصيانة والإصلاح والخدمة. غالبًا ما يقبع العاملون خارج المدينة في سيارة الأمتعة ذات العجلات الأقل بجوارها.

جنبا إلى جنب مع المستودع والمبنى المستدير مع القرص الدوار الخاص به ، تم إنشاء Freight House ، التي شُيدت في سبعينيات القرن التاسع عشر كنقطة معالجة لوثائق الشحن التي تم فحصها بواسطة draymen ، في السجل الوطني للأماكن التاريخية. ويضم في الوقت الحالي نادي نورث كونواي للسكك الحديدية.

يتكون أسطول Conway Scenic للسكك الحديدية من 13 قاطرة تعمل بالبخار والديزل ، وأكثر من 40 سيارة وحافلة ، وسبعة سيارات مملوكة ملكية خاصة ، وثلاثة فلنشات مملوكة للقطاع الخاص.

يوفر العديد من القطارات السياحية خلال فصل الصيف. "قطارات الوادي" ، على سبيل المثال ، تعمل إما ذهابًا وإيابًا لمدة ساعة أو 11 ميلًا إلى كونواي أو العودة لمدة ساعة أو 45 دقيقة أو 21 ميلًا إلى بارتليت ، بينما تخترق "قطارات الشق" كراوفورد نوتش وتصنع رحلة 50 ميلا ، وخمسة ونصف ساعة إلى كراوفورد ديبوت ومحطة فابيان. تستخدم هذه الخدمات قوة دافعة تعمل بالبخار أو الديزل ، ويمكن للمسافرين حجز أماكن إقامة للمدربين أو الدرجة الأولى أو القبة مع وجبات من ثلاث مراحل.

نظرًا لكونه يليق ببلدة تخدم عشاق الرياضات الشتوية ، فإنه يتميز بمنتجع للتزلج ، ماونت كرانمور ، في الفناء الخلفي للغاية ، على بعد ميل واحد فقط من شريان الطريق 16 الذي يقطعها.

يرتبط منذ فترة طويلة بنظام فريد من نوعه للارتقاء بالجبال ، وقد تضمن أسطولًا مكونًا من 192 قطعة معدنية وسكاكيت بعجلات مطاطية وسحب الكابلات التي صعدت إلى جبل كرانمور على منصة خشبية ثنائية القسم. صممه جورج مورتون ، من بارتليت ، نيو هامبشاير ، وقد نقل السماء وزيارة المعالم السياحية على حد سواء ، وكان أقدم نظام تشغيل التزلج في أمريكا الشمالية عندما توقفت عن العمل في عام 1989 بعد 51 عاما من الخدمة المستمرة.

اليوم ، يتميز جبل كرانمور بعشرة مصاعد. 13 تجربة مبتدئين و 25 تجربة متوسطة و 16 تجربة ؛ و 1200 قدم قطرات عمودية. تشمل مناطق الجذب لغير التزلج منطقة Adventure Zone داخلية في Base Lodge. أرجوحة عملاقة. كوستر جبل بطول 3700 قدم ؛ حدائق التضاريس؛ دورة الحبال. ترامبولين بنجي من أربع محطات ؛ جولات Segway الجبلية. zipline تنازلي ، طوله 700 قدم ، لشخص مزدوج ؛ وركوب الخيل chairlift ذات المناظر الخلابة.