The Fortress of Jesus, known as Mombasa's most popular charm, is the best preserved piece of history in the country. Built in 1593 by the Portuguese, this fortress withstood the test of time, wind and water.
The fort was designed by an Italian named Joao Batista and was curved out of a coral ridge at the entrance to the coastal area. This rock secured the Portuguese during the battles especially between 1696 and 1698 war. It was built at the observation point with the visibility of the next highly visible water vessels and almost the entire coastline in sight. The castle got its name from the figure. From an aerial point of view, the castle looks like a man and was built to save and protect people, hence the name of Jesus.
Perhaps most surprising about this fort is that it was lost after winning a total of nine times between 1631 and 1875. It was eventually converted from a castle to a prison by the British who colonized Kenya.
In 2011, the fort was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site although it underwent several changes from its original design and shape.
Fort Jesus as a tourist destination
Located along the famous Mombasa Beach, where tourists flock each year for climate change, Fort Jesus has established itself as a must-see destination for both entertainment and education purposes.
Just seeing the fort on the edge of the beach and sea is enough to make tourists ask all sorts of questions about its origin. The beautiful architecture used by its construction is unmatched even in this modern age and just the dexterity used in its exquisite construction.
Inside the fort in the form of a small free-standing city. Before turning it into a prison and removing the huts inside the fort, the fort was built to save people and then need a constant source of water and food. The rough-looking fort is carefully designed to ward off any enemies, in fact, quite different from the family design used inside. On the other hand, after the British took over, they created prison cells and dungeons that stand so far. These prisons are a constant reminder of the slave trade because this is where slaves have been waiting to be sold.
After independence, the Kenyan government took over the fort and even built a museum within its walls to preserve most of the artifacts and historical artifacts that helped shape the history of this great nation.
The castle is now more than a castle, a symbol of history (a majestic one in it), a museum, an educational base and the largest tourist attraction in the coastal area of Mombasa.